Archaeology is the department that deals with the things that are under the soil. They search for various things that are into the ground from years which are invaluable. The archaeological department conducts excavations to find the valuable things from the earth’s crust. The initial process of these excavations includes the soil digging. Many such places are available all over the world that is under their surveillance. It is the individual department under the local governing bodies. They need to submit the excavation details to the government.
Nowadays, varieties of tools and equipment are available with the archaeologists. It can help them to dig the soil and extract the things. Various techniques like hydro excavation process can be helpful for the scientists in doing the work. The private archaeologists can have their staff that can help them in undertaking the excavation process. Years ago many constructions or the human deposits were left under the soil. It can be the responsibility of the excavators to find the time span of those particular developments of human residues. Many religious temples, endangered animals skeletons like dinosaur’s bones, etc. for conserving the wildlife, and for identifying the valuable properties of the earth are the key targets of the archaeology departments. These excavations can help the people to know about various facts of the ancient people, their culture, their tools and many other things. Especially, they built many such constructions using the architecture when there is no technology.
The excavations can help the people to search for those final builds. Especially the human history and about their lifestyle can help them to know various new things and to learn the changes that are happening since the centuries. The excavators can use different techniques in opening the soils in layers to find the things underground. They can also use the process of vacuum digging that can help them to reduce the effect of dust and other pollutions. The initial work process of archaeologists includes:
- The original process starts with the reason to dig the soil
- They need to have an excavation plan
- Approvals from the concern departments
- Need to have permission to dig from the owners of the sites
- They need to conduct the survey to know the facts
- Then they start the excavation process
- They record the collected information
- Provide the available things for observation and analysis
- Responsible for providing the results to the world by publishing the facts
Many private and government archaeologists have been available all over the world that can have real experience in dealing with modern excavations. The process of archaeology has been at work since the 19th century. But now, varieties technical tools and machinery are in use that can help them to carry out the excavations easily.